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Clinton Global Initiative 2006 Transcripts - click numbers on this page for full transcript . These numbers also index: CEOS: who are discovering a human mission in life  beyond just making the last quarter's numbers regardless of future conseqeunces: 97 & 83 Virgin's Branson; Googles' Page; Microsoft's Gates; Cisco's Chambers; Starbuck's Donald; Siemens' Kleinfeld; Yahoo's Semel; Sony's Stringer;104 Grupo Carso's Slim;95  Infosys' Nilekani; 104 News International's Murdoch; Reed Elsevier's Hommen;Standard Charters'  Davies; Larfarge's Collomb; 103 TNT's Bakker; Best Buy's Anderson; Swiss Re's Aigrain;104  Wall-Mart's Scott ; 101 Timberland Comany's Swartz; 78 Ethan Allan's Kathwari

91 Financing Clean Energy :  Executive Director from Fundacion Solar, Ivan Azurdia Bravo; Chairman of Development Alternatives, Dr. Ashok Khosla; Founder, Green Belt Movement, Professor Wangari Maathai. And please welcome back our moderator, John Podesta.

2006 Partnership Focus Areas: select a project

Energy & Climate Change | Public Health | Poverty Alleviation | Mitigating Religious & Ethnic Conflict | Other

2005 Partnership Focus Areas:

Climate Change | Governance | Poverty Alleviation | Religion | Other

105 Delegates & Speakers - includes:
Grassroots World Changers; Yunus (Nobel Laureate 2006 Peace - Micro Entrepreneur Economics):Maathai (Nobel Laureate 2004 Peace- Biomass Economics): Abed, BRAC,World's Largest Citizen Organisation- deepest franchises of health and education for & by the very poorest; Drayton Origin of Social Entrepreneur Maps (2000 coordinates funded), and Changemakers.net peoples competitions: eg peace, health, buildings; Ashok Khosla, Ivan Bravo
Sustainability Venture Capitalists & Systemic Entreprenurial Revolutionaries: Richard Branson (3 billion $ for Climate Crisis), Vinod Khosla
Goodwill ambassadors & Journalists for Humanity
CEOs (Crisis Initiative Sponsor): Larry Page (google & Climate), Rupert Murdoch(News International & Climate), Nandan Nilekani Infosys,
National or Race Leaders (Past & Present): Bill Clinton, Laura Bush, Al Gore, Hillary Clinton

97 special commitments: Branson, Yunus, Gore, Khosla et al

83 Chairman and Founder, Virgin Group Limited Sir Richard Branson. Partner, Khosla Venture, Vinod Khosla. CEO and Co-founder, Rocky Mountain Institute, Amory Lovins. Presidential Chief of Staff, Government of Brazil, Dilma Vanna Rousseff. And please welcome back the Honorable Carol Browner.

104 What Can Business Do? - William Jefferson Clinton;And panelists: Chairman of the Board, Grupo Carso, Mr. Carlos Slim; Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, News Corporation, Rupert Murdoch; General Colin L. Powell, President and Chief Executive Officer, Wal-Mart, H. Lee Scott, Jr. & moderator Tom Brokaw ... Rupert Murdoch (publishing) joins industry sectors committed to zero footprint futures:

Industry sectors on zero footprint goal: " Our London office is going to absolutely carbon neutral. And it’s a company employing thousands of people.

We think it does a lot for the reputation of the company. It improves its image. It makes it more valuable. That’s good for the shareholders too. But it’s good for the society. This involves ttle incentives that all add up and they are all a mess. Whether it’s changing from a taxi company to one that only uses non carbon fuels. We subsidize every employee $2,000 who will buy a hybrid car. We are looking at everything we do, our suppliers, every thing they supply to us, boxes or whatever. What fuels are they using, what are they doing.

Then where we will fall short at the end, we are committed to put in ¯ you know a wood farm or forest in certain parts of the world to make up the difference. We are doing that and we are now examining whether we can do it across the world for our whole company in every country in which we operate. .. That people want to feel proud of who they are working for or what company they are involved with and feel proud of it. And they want to feel they are being good citizens and they can talk to other people about it. And I think that we have learned a lot today. I think we have seen how far things have progressed in the last few years. You know it’s the market system somebody said working very well because people see this is good business"

 

 Global Health Working Session: Healthy Workers and Productive Businesses: Ensuring Home and Workplace Wellness 103- Peter Bakker, Carol Jacobs, Jonathan Oppenheimer and Michael White. moderaor: Michelle Norris. 102 Susan Arnold, President Jakaya Kikwete, and Richard Stearns. moderator: Michele Norris.

Mitigating Religious and Ethnic Conflict: Preventing and Resolving Deadly Conflict 101 Don Cheadle, actor and activist, John Prendergast, senior advisor of the international crisis group, and Jeffrey Swartz, President and CEO of The Timberland Company. 100 Hanan Ashwari, The Palestinian Initiative for the Promotion of Global Dialog and Democracy, MIFTAH; Eival Gilady, Portland Trust, Tel Aviv; Ghassan Salame, CNRS CERI. r moderator: George Mitchell, DLA Piper.

Poverty Alleviation Working Session:

Financing Ideas, Initiatives and Innovations  98 : Majora Cater, executive director, Sustainable South Bronx. Andrew Natsios, professor diplomacy, Georgetown University and Dr. Ngozi Okanojo-Iweala, former finance minister of Nigeria. Our moderator is James Wolfensohn, chairman, Wolfensohn and Co. LLC.

95 Cities of the Future Jamie Lerner, former mayor of Curitiba, Brazil;  Ken Livingston, mayor of London; William McDonough, Nandan Nilekani, chief executive officer Infosys Technologies Limited; our moderator, Judy Woodruff

84  WorldHeatlh: Dr. Peter Hotez, the president of Sabine Vaccine Institute and the chair of the Global Network for neglected tropical disease control at George Washington University. Dr. Sam Zaramba the director general of Health Services in Uganda .Jimmy Carter 39th President of USA and founder of the Carter Center who has been focusing the attention of the world on problem of neglected diseases. eg. The president’s efforts on Guinea worm have eliminated this disease in 99.7-percent of the world.  Moderator George Stephanopoulos

85 Worldhealth: Moderator George Stephanopoulos ;Lance Armstrong, Valentine Fuster (president of the World Health Foundation, and a professor of cardiology at Mount Sinai) ; Srinath Reddy (one of the first to warn of an impending epidemic of cardiovascular disease and diabetes in India, and has been one of the world’s most proactive leaders in stemming the spread of chronic diseases. He is president of the Public Health Foundation of India,) ;, and Nizal Sarraf Zadegan (She is director of the Cardiovascular Research Center in Isfahan, Iran. )

79: Mitigating conflicts: Alastair Crooke of the Conflicts Forum; Mark Drewell of Barloworld International; Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga, Former President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. our moderator, President Mary Robinson.

78 Mitigating Conflicts: John Battle, member of Parliament, United Kingdom; Farooq Kathwari, Chairman, President and CEO of the Ethan Allan Interiors, Inc., Dominque Strauss-Kahn, member of Parliament and former Minister, France. our moderator, Mary Robinson, of Realizing Rights, the Ethical Globalization Initiative.

92: Summing up with video link to Nelson Mandela; and by Bill Clinton and Initiative rapporteurs. Nelson Mandela " [Via video feed]: I am delighted to speak with you today on such a wonderful and important occasion as the closing session of the Clinton Global Initiative. The mission of this gathering and the problems you have all planned to fight compel me to join you here today in support of your efforts. I first want to applaud my friend Bill Clinton, and his vision and determination to convene this audience and mobilize a new force to address the greatest challenges the world faces at the start of the 21st century. I commend you for accepting President Clinton’s call to action. The Clinton Global Initiative is a tremendously unique and critical gathering of human beings committed to the move from rhetoric to action -- action on an unprecedented scale. This Initiative is a global movement where every word spoken, every partnership discovered, and every promise made can have a direct impact on the lives of millions of people across our planet for generations to come. We must ask ourselves a question: What can I do as a global citizen? Your commitments can become a powerful tool in shaping a better world. And the results they achieve hold much promise and hope for us all. I thank you most sincerely for your commitment. Let us combine our efforts to ensure a peaceful future for our children. 

 

HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON: Miland Revere board chair of Vital Voices Global Partnership and her partners are Maria Eitel, president of the Nike Foundation; Ray Ferguson, CEO of the American Standard Chartered Bank; Sandra Taylor, vice president Corporate Social Responsibility for Starbucks Coffee Company and Exxon Mobil. They have committed to holding a conference in January of 2007, making a commitment of $1 million to convene a Pan African Women’s Leadership Summit, the purpose of which is to connect more than 200 African women ... Dr. Zeda Rosenberg, CEO of the International Partnership for Microbicides, known as IPM. IPM and its partner Harvard University and Partners in Health will commit $3 million over the next three years to support access to microbicides for the prevention of HIV transmission, and to help develop a broader framework to bring innovative global public health goods to low resource settings. ...Ajay Banga, chairman and CEO of Citigroup’s Global Consumer Group International. Citigroup will be expanding its programs to support sustainable microfinance institutions by $100 million over five years. ...Dr. Allan Rosenfield. Those of us in public health work, or who have supported the soldiers on the frontlines of public health, know this name very well. Dr. Rosenfield is the dean of the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University.  The Mailman School will be making a five-year $75 million commitment to help improve women’s health, decrease maternal death and disability, provide prevention, care and treatment for women infected with HIV/AIDS and decrease the incidence of violence against women in conflict areas. PANEL:Reema Nanavaty is the director of the Economic and Rural Development of Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) in India. ; Ann Veneman assumed the leadership of UNICEF on May 1, 2005, ; Ajay Banga is chairman and chief executive officer of Citigroup’s Global Consumer Group International Businesses. Dr Gayle, president and CEO of CARE. She is the first woman and first person of color to lead this premier humanitarian organization in its 60-year history.

81 Mitigating conflicts: Salman Ahmad, Musician and UN AIDS Goodwill Ambassador. Susan Marks of Search for Common Ground. Jeff Skoll, The Skoll Foundation and Participant Productions. our moderator, Zain Verjee.

80 Mitigating conflicts: His Highness Shaikh Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalif, Crown Prince and Commander-in-Chief of the Bahrain Defense Force; Richard Cizik of the National Association of Evangelicals; Vartan Gregorian of the Carnegie Corporation or New York. our moderator, Zain Verjee

88 Diversity in a globalised world:  Queen of the Royal Hashmeite Kingdom of Jordan, Queen Rania Al-Abdullah, President Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai, Archbishop Emeritus, Desmond Tutu, moderator, Editor of Newsweek International Fareed Zakaria.

87 Poverty Alleviation Nick Moon of Kickstart International [applause], Jacqueline Novogratz of the Acumen Fund [applause], and the honorable Ernesto Zedillo of the Yale Center for Globalization, the former President of Mexico, moderator Charlayne Hunter-Gault,

86 CHARLAYNE HUNTER-GAULT: KRISTIN PETERSON: Inveneo; PREMAL SHAH: Kiva.org Judith McHale, the CEO of the Discovery Communications and the Discovery Channel:Discovery Global Education Partnership; partnership’s a key word, which I’ll get to in a moment, which now operates in ten countries. We have close to 200 educational sites. We reached 500,000 kids; and our goal is to reach a million kids by 2010. To date we’ve trained over 7000 teachers to – in the way that they can use video in the classroom.

 90 Clean Energy Investment Boom. Managing director Goldman Sachs, Abby Joseph Cohen. Partner in Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield and Byers, John Doerr; Executive Vice President, Ecoenergy Mexico, John Paul Moscarella and our moderator, president and CEO Center for American Progress, John Podesta.

82 Climate: renewable electric power: Vice President Johnson and Johnson Corporate, Dr. Brenda S. Davis, CEO Solar Century Jeremy Leggett, Chairman and Managing Director, Suzlan Energy, Tulsi R. Tanti, and our moderator Principal, the Albright Group, the Honorable Carol Browner.

Skoll 2007 award winners

discussions 1 - please mail info@worldcitizen.tv with news of other discussion areas

 

Details of Skoll's top 10 menu of 2007 from your bookmark- would love to hear from people who already love one of these- what more can they tell us about why this is a current best replicator of its sort? Also would you say that what Skoll is doing in colaborating with other SE networks like ashoka is sifting out franchises ready to fly worldwide?

 

The 2007 Skoll Awardees

 

1 http://www.volvamos.org/controller.php?action=idioma&lenguaje=english&url_page=/   Escuela Nueva Foundation – est 1987, has strengthened and promoted the Escuela Nueva (New School) model in Colombia and abroad, demonstrating that with the right educational approach, any child can achieve high academic standards and permanently escape poverty. The Escuela Nueva model now reaches more than 5 million children in 14 Latin American countries, Uganda and the Philippines and the World Bank has recognized Escuela Nueva as one of the most innovative educational programs in the developing world.

Social Entrepreneur: Vicky Colbert

Headquarters: Bogota, Colombia

Grant Objective: To support the Escuela Nueva Foundation’s Smart Scaling Campaign to reach an additional 1.5 million children by 2010 through current program expansion in Latin America and Uganda and by launching new programs in India, Peru, Costa Rica and Bolivia.

 

2 http://www.freethechildren.com/  Free The Children – Free The Children , N America, recognizes the potential of young people to create positive social change. More than 500,000 students have joined the organization’s Youth in Action groups in 1,000 schools across the U.S. and Canada. They have shipped $11 million in essential medical supplies and have provided health care projects benefiting more than 505,000 people.

Social Entrepreneurs: Craig and Marc Kielburger

Headquarters: Toronto

Grant Objective: To expand in the U.S. and establish 800 new Youth in Action groups that raise an additional $1.5 million each year.

 

3 http://www.friends-international.org/  Friends-International – Since 1994, Friends-International has been running projects worldwide for and with street children, attempting to reintegrate these children into society and providing positive alternatives to those who unwittingly or out of economic necessity enable this phenomenon, such as taxis, Internet cafes, restaurants, hotels and tourists. Each year 85,000 children benefit from programs operated by Friends-International and partner organizations in Cambodia, Laos, Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand, Honduras, France, Switzerland, the United States and Germany.

Social Entrepreneur: Sebastien Marot

Headquarters: Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Grant Objective: To build a financially sustainable global network of partners capable of helping 500,000 street children each year.

 

4 http://www.footprintnetwork.org/  Global Footprint Network – To combat humanity’s consumption of ecological resources beyond sustainable limits, Global Footprint Network developed the Ecological Footprint. The Ecological Footprint is used by Wales, Switzerland and Japan, and by hundreds of other cities, counties, businesses, intergovernmental bodies and educational institutions.

Social Entrepreneurs: Mathis Wackernagel and Susan Burns

Headquarters: Oakland, California

Grant Objective: To add 15 national and/or international government agencies using the Ecological Footprint to the partner network by 2010.

 

5 http://www.gramvikas.org/  Gram Vikas – Gram Vikas (Village Development) has developed a holistic approach to rural development in India that involves entire communities, with water and sanitation as the starting point.  The program has been implemented in 289 villages, reaching 22,347 households and has successfully proven that the rural poor can and will pay for better sanitation and water facilities.

Social Entrepreneur: Joe Madiath

Headquarters: Orissa, Ganjam, India

Grant Objective: To bring water and sanitation to 100,000 families by 2010.

 

6 http://www.kashf.org/  Kashf Foundation – Kashf is a microfinance institution that offers women below the poverty line in Pakistan a way out through access to financial services. est 1996 now assists 150,000 clients:delivers collateral-free microloans, savings and life insurance products through branches that become sustainable within 10 months. Thirty-five percent of its clients move out of poverty within three years.

Social Entrepreneur: Roshaneh Zafar

Headquarters: Lahore, Pakistan

Grant Objective: To expand operations to 600,000 clients by 2010 in Pakistan’s Punjab and Sindh provinces.

 

7 http://www.manchesterbidwell.org  Manchester Bidwell Corporation est 1984; raising graduation and college enrollment rates; reducingemployment for thousands of young people each year in impoverished urban environments across the U.S. ; operates art and recording studios, computer classrooms and industrial kitchens, among other facilities, demonstrating that an inspiring space and state-of-the-art equipment lead to more motivated and engaged students.

Social Entrepreneur: William Strickland

Headquarters: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Grant Objective: Support replication programs in six cities that will serve 1,800 additional youths by 2009.

 

8 http://www.msc.org  Marine Stewardship Council - To combat declining levels of wild fish stock, ;500 MSC-labeled products from 22 certified fisheries are sold in 26 countries. Major companies such as Whole Foods in the U.S. and Marks and Spencer and Sainsbury in the U.K. have stocked MSC seafood, and in 2006 Wal-Mart announced that it would begin to source all its fish from MSC-certified suppliers.

Social Entrepreneur: Rupert Howes

Headquarters: London

Grant Objective: To increase market penetration in Europe, strengthen its U.S. presence, expand into the Asia/Pacific arena and certify at least eight more fisheries by 2010.

 

9 http://www.verite.org/  Verité – Engaging workers in a solutions-driven, participatory model, Verité partners with hundreds of multinational brands, sector leaders, factories, nongovernmental organizations, institutional investors and governments to improve social and environmental performance of global supply chains. Verité currently operates in more than 60 countries in electronics, apparel, footwear, food and beverage, and agriculture industries, among others, with a growing network of staff and partners. By bringing practical auditing, training, capability building and research solutions to stakeholders of the global workplace, Verité improves the lives of global factory workers,

Social Entrepreneur: Dan Viederman

Headquarters: Amherst, Massachusetts

Grant Objective: To strengthen partnerships in dozens of countries and train 1,500 practitioners to replicate its model by 2010, with the potential to reach hundreds of thousands more workers worldwide.

 

10 http://www.youthbuild.org/  YouthBuild USA – To create a positive future for low-income young people who left high school without a diploma, YouthBuild re-enrolls them in an alternativeschool where they complete high school and build affordable homes for their neighbors, while transforming their own lives and becoming responsible citizens and good parents with well-paying jobs. Annually engagse 8,000 youths in 42 states and produces affordable housing for 1,000 low-income or homeless families.

Social Entrepreneur: Dorothy Stoneman

Headquarters: Somerville, Massachusetts

Grant Objective: To build a critical mass of role models and have 500 YouthBuild students communicate their experience to audiences of millions, expand the program and fund a re-entry program for adjudicated youths in three states.

 

OUT OF THE BOX
NAVIGATOR

Sustainability World Congress League RankingsWrong stories : cause of extreme riskPeoplesPrincesses &Heroes
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thecooperation.tv

Project Travel Guides to Deep Change World Crises
please mail info@changeworld.net to nominate competitions being hosted to change world for all peoples' sakes, and sustainability

 

list of known competitions includes:

ted.com prizes 2007 War photographer, James Nachtwey, one of the world's most prominent scientists, E.O. Wilson, and President William J. Clinton  :

2006 (Truth Being Wishes : Brilliant  Ms Noujaim  Sinclair ) 2005 ( Bono  Burtynsky Fischell)

 Dec06 FastComapny Awards List

Annual laureates of CA's Tech Museum

 

Nobel, annual: peace ... deep reporting networks 2006 include  grameen.tv
Macarthur Foundation - annual individual fellows awards to Americans with exceptionally focused creative talents
changemakers.net, about quarterly by rotating priority compasses of social entrepreneurs ... ongoing reporting at worldentrepreneur.net

  

Barefoot College Wins 2006 Alcan Prize for Sustainability

The winner of the 2006 Alcan Prize for Sustainability is Barefoot College, led by Bunker Roy. The $1 million award annually recognizes one nongovernmental organization, not-for-profit or civil society organization working to build a sustainable society. The prize is managed independently by the International Business Leaders Forum. Since 1972, Barefoot College has improved the lives of some of India’s poorest people by training them to become health workers, teachers and engineers.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2007 Social Capitalist Awards Named

Eleven current Skoll Foundation partners and awardees have been named winners of the 2007 Fast Company Monitor Group Social Capitalist Award, which honors social entrepreneurs who combine creativity and ingenuity with business solutions to address social problems. The organizations and their social entrepreneurs, where applicable, are Calvert Social Investment Foundation; Ceres, Inc. (Mindy Lubber); Citizen Schools (Eric Schwarz); Civic Ventures (Marc Freedman); College Summit (J.B. Schramm); Ecologic Finance (William Foote); KickStart (Martin Fisher and Nick Moon); Room to Read (John Wood); Teach for America (Wendy Kopp); TransFair USA (Paul Rice); and WITNESS (Gillian Caldwell).

Riders for Health, led by Andrea and Barry Coleman, was honored at the national finals of the Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year awards. Competing against top entrepreneurs in the United Kingdom, the organization was named “Social Entrepreneur of the Year” at a gala ceremony in London. Riders has developed vehicle maintenance and training systems to ensure that African health workers can reach remote communities on a regular basis.

 

Ciudad Saludable, founded by Albina Ruiz, is one of 12 winners of the 2006 Dubai International Award for Best Practices to Improve the Living Environment.

The awardees were all deemed to have made outstanding contributions toward improving the quality of life in cities and communities. They were chosen from 690 submissions. Each will receive a trophy, a commemorative certificate and a check for $30,000 at the awards ceremony in Dubai in early 2007. Ciudad Saludable generates employment and facilitates cleaner cities in Peru by creating local enterprises to collect and process garbage.

 

CAMFED Director Wins Creativity Award

The Women’s World Summit Foundation in Switzerland has awarded Angeline Mugwendere of the Campaign for Female Education (CAMFED) the prize for Women’s Creativity in Rural Life. CAMFED founder Ann Cotton tells us that Angeline was one of the first young women in Africa that her organization helped stay in school. Angeline is now the director of CAMFED Zimbabwe. She will receive $3,000 to invest in her work with girls and young women.

Jefferson Award Goes to Roots of Peace

Heidi Kühn, founder of Roots of Peace, has won a San Francisco Bay Area Jefferson Award from the American Institute for Public Services, a national foundation that honors individuals who perform community service. In addition to being profiled in the San Francisco Chronicle, she was featured on the CBS5-TV and KCBS-AM radio. Roots of Peace converts minefields to vineyards, agricultural fields and safe migration corridors for wildlife.

 

As journalists who have written up more biographies 1  2 on entrepreneurs for humanity than most, we are disgusted by how little economics has changed its high priests in the last 22 years in spite of the very clear map we made in 1984 of the ever increasing system chnages economics would need to undergo - one of a series of work that built up to my father's vaedictory reviews after a lifetime of work at The Economist. So we absolutely celebrate the 2006 Nobel Prize for peace but likethis Indian arcticle wonder when economics prizes will be freed from the voting of academic peer group cliques who are usually funded by vested interests in big and macro, and not micro and sustainability

Development as a Nobel cause

JAYATI GHOSH

Economist Muhammad Yunus and the Grameen Bank of Bangladesh win the Nobel Peace Prize for 2006.

 THERE are many reasons to celebrate the award of the Nobel Peace Prize for 2006 jointly to Muhammad Yunus, the recognised creator of the "microcredit" model of finance for the poor that has swept across the developing world, and the Grameen Bank in Bangladesh that he founded three decades ago. These reasons go well beyond appreciation of the valuable human qualities of the man himself, such as his creativity, persistence, charisma and passionate advocacy in promoting this model widely and extending it in various ways.

One important reason is that awards such as this rescue the Nobel Peace Prize both from the controversial dogfights that have accompanied some of the political choices of the past, and from being mired in a very restrictive notion of the concept of peace. This award, along with the earlier award to the African environmentalist Wangari Maathai, shows the Nobel Committee's recognition that peace is not really possible without more equitable development.

The citation says as much, claiming that this prize is being given to Yunus and the Grameen Bank "for their efforts to create economic and social development from below. Lasting peace cannot be achieved unless large population groups find ways in which to break out of poverty."

But while this is clearly a much-deserved prize, it also exposes other weaknesses about the Nobel Prizes in general. It is in some ways a safe, even predictable, choice. Rumours about this award have been in wide circulation for some time, given the now almost universal espousal of microcredit by the World Bank and international development agencies in general, as well as by many developing country governments. The United Nations declared 2005 to be "the international year of microcredit", and there has been enthusiastic promotion of the concept in international circles by former American President Bill Clinton and others.

What is worth noting is that Yunus, who is an economist, received the Nobel Prize for Peace, rather than Economics. Yet his contribution has really been in the field of economics, since his model stood conventional economic theory on its head and effectively created a new paradigm, which has since spawned an international industry of theoretical models to explain its success. This tells us something about how relatively limited in vision the awards of the Economics Nobel Prize have been. They have focussed much more on narrow academic peer recognition than on addressing real world development issues or processes that actually transform economies.

Promoting Microcredit

 

What exactly was this innovation called microcredit? To understand its significance, it is important to begin with understanding how formal financial institutions operate. Since giving credit is always associated with some risk of default - that is, the borrower not returning the loan amount or paying interest - bankers of all types usually require some form of surety (collateral) against which they can lend. Formal banking institutions therefore require the borrower to have assets such as land or a house, or a secure job, or a certified credit history, or some such assurance against which they will proffer funds.

This obviously eliminates the poor, who are by definition without significant assets and usually also lack secure streams of income through regular employment. So the poor get automatically excluded from formal financial institutions, and are forced to go to private moneylenders who charge very high rates of interest. These traditional moneylenders are able to function in such circumstances because they can somehow ensure that the loan and interest are repaid through extra-economic means, or can extract other forms of payment such a labour services.

It was therefore accepted that the poor were not "bankable" for formal financial institutions, or able to access other financial services such as insurance. Economic theory had also devised many complicated models to explain the necessary persistence of traditional money-lending and high interest rates among the poor.

The significance of the Grameen Bank and other microcredit experiments was that they countered this axiomatic belief by showing that even formal financial institutions could provide loans exclusively to the poor and still be assured of repayment. This is because they are based on the principle of "group lending" whereby loans are made to a group (of between 5 and 20 people) and therefore peer pressure acts as an effective mode of ensuring repayment.

Muhammad Yunus may not be the pioneer of microcredit - there were cases of similar experiments in the early 1970s in Colombia and Brazil, for example. But he was the first to make this a viable model capable of being copied and scaled up. He also became a tireless propagator of the cause of microcredit worldwide.

It all began in 1974, during a famine in Bangladesh, when Yunus was teaching economics at the Chittagong University after receiving a doctorate in the United States. In his efforts to do something to help the famine-ravaged people in the district, he was visiting nearby villages when he was persuaded to make his first loan in the village of Jobra.

He offered around 7,000 Bangladeshi taka from his own funds to a group of 42 bamboo craftspeople in desperate need. They had no collateral to offer, and no contract was signed. Nevertheless, the loan was repaid in full, after the borrowers used the money to buy bamboo, sell their crafts and repay both Yunus and the traditional moneylenders to whom they were indebted.

Yunus drew from this the lesson that the poor can indeed be viable and creditworthy borrowers. But his efforts to persuade banks to lend to them independently were fruitless, as the banks all continued to insist on his personal surety for any loans taken by those without collateral. In any case, traditional banks were simply not interested in making tiny loans at high transaction costs to those with no credit history.

The Grameen Bank was founded in 1976 by Muhammad Yunus as a result of such experience. It was dedicated to serving the poorest of the poor, based on Yunus' vision that even such very poor people were viable credit risks and could make productive use of small loans to enhance their earning capacity.

Women as target group

 

The Grameen bank model that emerged had some important features, apart from its concentration on the poor as clients. It involved lending in groups (originally of five members) who were jointly responsible for the loan. It required repayment in small periodic instalments, over a relatively short period. It lent not only to farmers but also to rural labourers, petty traders, and most importantly to women. While at first male borrowers outnumbered their female counterparts, this was consciously altered so that by the mid-1980s, women accounted for more than 96 per cent of the loans disbursed.

This aspect of lending to women has emerged as one of the more transformatory features of the Grameen model. Women turned out to be much more reliable borrowers, whose loans were used for the well-being of the family. But this also became an important instrument of social change in the conservative patriarchal context of Bangladeshi society. Not only did the access to microfinance improve women's bargaining power within their households, but the fact of meeting together and being part of groups led to other ways of thinking in a collective mode that proved to be quite empowering.

These features have been emulated not only by the Bangladesh Rural Action Committee (BRAC) and Proshikha, the two other large microcredit non-governmental organisations in Bangladesh, but across the world, as the focus on microcredit has been an important part of the agenda of multilateral development banks and even of governments. And the focus on women borrowers has proved to be one of the more successful results of the model wherever it has been transplanted. The spread of this essentially simple idea has been quite remarkable in the past two decades. According to the "State of the Microcredit Summit Campaign Report", 2005, at the end of 2004 there were 3,200 microcredit institutions that reported reaching more than 92 million clients across the world.

In India too, governments at the Central and State levels have been actively promoting microcredit, particularly to women, through the institution of Self-Help Groups , which engage in both savings and loan activities. In States such as Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, such organisations have been present for some time now, through the efforts of NGOs such as Mahila Samakhya and Co-operative Development Foundation.

A further innovation has been to form them into federations and link them with formal lending institutions. The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development has a scheme whereby it finances more than 500 nationalised banks for lending on to SHGs that have managed their funds well. The amounts involved are relatively small and the interest rates are quite high (usually around 12 per cent). But the scheme involves very large numbers - around 1.4 millions SHGs comprising nearly 20 million women, making this Indian scheme therefore the largest bank-microcredit linkage in the world.

No panacea

 Despite this spread, and some clear areas of success, it is a mistake to view microcredit as the universal development panacea that it seems to have become for the international development industry. It can at best be a part of a wider process that also includes working towards reducing asset inequalities, better and more egalitarian access to health and education services, and more productive employment opportunities.

The amounts of money distributed through microcredit are small and the periods for repayment so short that they cannot really lead to effective asset-building. Some argue that microcredit at best acts as a consumption stabiliser, reducing the adverse effects of shocks such as natural calamities or seasonal fluctuations, and provides means for taking advantage of small business opportunities. In the absence of other measures or more dynamic growth processes, this can amount to no more than a redistribution of incomes among the relatively poor, rather than an overall increase in incomes of the poor. It can also be associated with microcredit dependency, involving continued reliance on loans for consumption rather than productive use.

Similarly, the group lending that delivers high repayment rates can also become an instrument of stratification, especially when there are linkages with banks providing some additional institutional finance to the groups. There have been cases of women from the most destitute or socially deprived groups being excluded from membership of groups containing better-off members, because of fears that their inability to repay will damage the prospects of other members. In some States, peer pressure has forced women borrowers to take expensive loans from moneylenders to repay the loans from the SHG.

Criticisms do not detract from the importance of the microcredit model, but they do emphasise that this in itself cannot be seen as the magic bullet to end rural poverty. To their credit, both Muhammad Yunus and the Grameen Bank themselves appear to be aware of this rather obvious truth, since their interventions over the past decades have been characterised by continuous innovation and experimentation. In addition to other forms of microfinance such as insurance, Grameen has experimented with housing loans, loans for fisheries and other small enterprises, venture capital, solar energy projects, a commercial telecom project with a Norwegian partner to deliver cheap rural phones, and now even health care services.

It is this approach of constantly listening to the actual needs of the poor, of being flexible in terms of continuously looking for new solutions and enlarging possibilities from below, which is the most engaging aspect of Muhammad Yunus' contribution. Even more than microcredit alone, it may turn out to be his most positive influence

What Everybody Needs to Know First About Economics

Economics designs peoples futures but this depends on what logics are analysed- here are the logics The Economist used in the early 19080s when it discussed how the net gneration could be the most productive time for youth

  

A nation/place cannot sustain growth unless its capital is structured so that family's savings are invested in their next generation's productivity. Norman Macrae's 1954 book on The London Capital Market provides chapter and verse. Historically it was timely as London's industrial revolution had planted most of the developed world's laws and financial instruments. Futurewise this book became a source for Norman's forty years of leadership challenges including 3000 editorials. THese became branded in the 2 genres of entrepreneurial revolution and future history of the net generation genre which he focused on from 1972. They script in practical details most of the changes that economists would need to make to historic rules if globalisation is not to collapse the worldwide financial system of 2010s

Norman framed his writings on future purposes huan most wanted around the idea that The Net Generation to 2024 would face change on a scale never previously experienced by our human race. To prevent risks and celebrate job creating opportunities Norman proposed in his 1984 book (The 2024 Report) that the world should unite around youth's most exciting millennium goal. He explained why economics would design the most popular futures if the goal was chosen as racing to end poverty everywhere. Reasons included: its possible, its exciting, it creates jobs post-industrial generation will need to design around collaborative technology, it can empower youth to joyfully unite cultures as we become borderless (more connected than separated), it aligns economics principles with nature's exponentially (compounding) rules of evolutionary selection which are community-up and open.

 download more profiles of 100 collaboration leaders of 2010s = youths most productuive decade 

 

We are shocked how few people know of the main findings of the renowned economist Maynard Keynes- increasingly only economics riles the world and the greatest risk to the future working lives of our children comes from elderly macroeconomists who hire themselves out to the biggest who want to get bigger.



Historically when faulty systems of macroeconomists ruined civilisations they fell one by one. But Einstein took Keynes logic further and hypothesised that the first generation to become more connected than separated by technology would be subject to a final exam. Now if we let erroneous macroeconomists rule whole continents of nations will collapse.



By 1976 my father (Norman macrae) -probably the last student of economics mentored by Keynes-  was writing at The Economist why the next half century would see the net generation tested - he called upon the genre of Entrepreneurial Revolution (ER) networkers to sort out the greatest  innovation challenge economics - and so the human race - will ever face .

 

 

logo320.jpg.

The opportunity of 10 times more productivity for the net generation (with million times more collaboration technology than man's 1960's race to moon)

.The THREAT is preventing the threat of collapsing continent-wide system of value exchange. By 2020 the (exponential track impacting future) sustainanbilyty of every village around the globe will likely be lost or won

..logo3responsibility.jpg...How could we be experiencing record youth unemployent when we are living in a time of a million times more collaboration tech than a generation ago? According to research by Entrepreneur networks started at The Economist in 1976, we are 36 years off track in compounding 2 unustainable systems whose follies multiply each other
  • that caused by non-economic media which also distracts us with glossy images and soiundbites instead of future realities and integrated cross-cultural and inter-generational understanding - full briefing here
  • World's biggest maths error compounded by macroeconomists and all global professions with a ruling monopoly - see below
Discuss: what does everyone need to know about the way economists think and behave. Understand 2 opposite segments of E : The Unacknowledged Microeconomist and the Fatally Conceited.MacroEconomist

Keynes - because economics will incresingly rule the world, the greatest danger to the futures of youth is elderly macroeconomists where fame maks them compete to superpower over peoples  

 Boulding: ****the historic significance of capitalism is precisely a society in which exchange has become a more important source of power than threat**** in his book economics as science

Von hayek- given the fatal conceit in my profession, I really think you shouldn't be doing this - awarding me a first Nobel Prize in economics 
freedom of speech and everything about the future you want, NOW depends on enough people knowing how to play the value exchange game - and why that isnt exactly what the game of monopoly teaches - an exchange is where each side says I wants something from you so let's work out what I can do for you and purposefully improve on this over time through hi-trust communal feedback
debate difference between true capitalism and phoney capitalism
  • agree on a picture like that on the right- we have seen cases where one of the 10 coordinates shown felt the system had betrayed their greatest trust, and so zeroised the organsaition or network (even ones that accountants had been reprorting record profits ahd $100 billion equity
  •  start discussing multi-win models - see our 4 favorites from 36 years of debates with entrepreneuruial revoltionaries
  • choose say 12 markets whose future purpose is most vital to sustaining your children - and use media to agree what the greatest human purpose and corresponding mkilennium goals are that need investing in to fee each market and youth's working lives in serving the most valuable purpose
  • get those (including all parents?) who save across generations to throw out speculators from banking systems and capital markets - eg next time there is a bailout (which means taking your childrens money to refinance a bank) wipe out shareholders; let them set lawyers on old managers and any politicians their pr's lobbied; keep savings accounts safe; restructure bank so that it invests in youth productivity and sustaining communities not bubbles, and not trapping people in debt

Goodwill explains up to 90% of value impacts of any organsaition in a networked economy- yet no nation yet requires that organisations it licences to audit goodwii. 20 years of research has proved the following reciprocal relationship - the purposeful question" who would uniquely miss what if your organsaition did not exist?, has the reciprocal question why let your organisation contnue to exist if it has broken my life-crtiical trust it promised to serve

joyofeconomics.jpg

.........................................

valuetrue capitalism maps how each side win-win-win from other sides communal purpose over time -this  goes back over 250 years to the criteria of free markets adam smith demanded freedom of speech questioned - he talked about the transparency of community markets where a rogue trader might fool some of the people but not for long and not for too big to fail! - the journal of social business edited by adam smith scholars at his alma mater Glasgow University advises people of any other tongue how to build up from adam's hi-trust ideas to such constructs as sustainable global vilage networking first mapped by schumacher (another keynes alumni) - we have a library of free articles for you to choose and translate from

phoney capitalism spins a monopoly, a non-free maket - one side rules by saying I want to take more and more from all of you- esentially this is what rules when global accountants audit only how much one side has profited/extracted withouth how much has it sustains other sides- phoney capitalism can only result in exponentai meltdown becuase so much has been extracetd from system that its unsustainable for human lives or for nature or for both
 
 

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  • MORE ABOUT WHERE VALUING NETGEN CAME FROM

    - in the 1990s I was working with big 5 accountants; I argued for a missing audit they needed to do as regularly as their monetisation audit; I called this how goodwill modelling multiplies value around a gravitational purspoe ewhise gials all sides want to progress over time; it turns out that in knowlege scetors over 90% of the future is bayesian predicatbale on quality of goodwill relationships-3 yeras before andersen crashed I usd this model to warn them that if they stoped multiplying conflicts around true and fair they would be zeroised by society- I didnt succeed in getting my advice to be acted on but at that time unseen wealth publications made by brookings and georgetwon had just been banned by the incolimng bush adminsitration - who didnt like to be told that without the second aidt risks would compound unseen- every collapse USA has seen a hand in during 2000s (and viralised to other nations since 2008) can be traced to this mathenatical error

    what can be done about this mess
    -debate difference between true cpaitalism and phoney capitalsim
    choose say 12 markets hose future purpose is most vital to sustaining your children - and use media to aggree what the greatest huan purspose and corresponding mkilennium goals are that need investing in
    get thse who save across generations to throw out speculators from bankiing systems - eg next time there is a bailout (which means taking your childrens money to refinace a bank) wipe out sharehilers; let them set lawyers on old managers and any politicians their pr's lobbied; keep savings acconts safe; restructure bank so that it invests in youth productivity and sustaining communities not bubbles, and trapping people in debt
    -if you do this today's millions times more coalbration technology than a generation ago can make the next decade the most productive time and joyful for youty and everyine to be alive instead of the most dismal time where natios led by old macroecnomist put youth out of work
    DO YOU KNOW...
    Q: Original Purpose of Economics? A The Scotland of the 1750s was at the end of a first generation to have found their country taken over by England's Empire., So Adam Smith was motivated to start writing about how to design systems so that peoples could could look forward to their next generation sustaining more productive lives than they had had ... 7 quarters later keynes general theory issued humanity's greatest challenge- economics as a systems science had reached the state that only economics rules the world ... moreQ: What do the man-made systems that rule the world look like? A Purposeful value exchanges composed round 5 main flows of how productively peoples lives are used and 5 main demands human beings make as co-workers, customers, owners, stewards of the globe, stewards of society at the village level - moreQ: Why can't human race in 21st C be sustained with choice of economics made by 20th C biggest banks and govs etc? A Long Story: ER alumni are in their 37th year of offering debating scripts eg1 on wht some industrial age systems after world war 2 were designed to be too big to exist as the first net generation became more connected than separated by geographical borders ... What is known is that 2010s is most exciting decade to be an entrpreneur because our impacts define what will be possible for all our childrens' children more 

    World Class Brands are in 25th year (as a subnetwork of Norman Macrae's Entrepreneurial Revolution) of helping sustain the most purposeful organsiations or markets in the world. Core to any charter of purpose is a quiz revolving round this question
    - who would uniquely miss what if this didn't exist?. From this Q&A's list of trust-flows, economics maps how to connect producers and demanders of the exchange in multi-win models of purpose. Henceforth, potential conflicts with this goodwill model are audited and resolved at every cycle so that unique purpose is celebrated to lead the future by continuously multiplying the most value and trust. This model provides the simplest benchmark around all exponential impact metrics of sustainability investement can be calculated and the transparency of all multi-win models are webbed around pro-youth economics. Questions welcomed chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk washington dc hotline 1 301 881 1655

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    Not youth's economics of the world Not our schools of the worldYouthandYunus.comLeadersandYunus

    Muhammad Yunus expresses faith in entrepreneurs at G20 summit

    Posted on: November 23, 2011
    Category: News

    Microfinance Focus, November 4, 2011: Professor Muhammad Yunus was invited to deliver a key note speech during the G20 Young Entrepreneurs Summit held in Nice, France. Professor Yunus addressed an audience of more than 400 entrepreneurs from all G20 countries. In his speech, he shared his personal entrepreneurship experiences, his faith in young entrepreneurs to be the pillars of society and the need to include poor countries in the discussion process in making global decisions.

    Professor Yunus being an entrepreneur himself started off creating the Grameen Bank that provides microfinance services to the poor who had little access to financial provisions. From that, he ventured into a wide number of social businesses such as Grameen Nursing College, Grameen Eyecare Hospitals, Grameen Shakti, etc.

    He has always considered young entrepreneurs to be the most effective solution for the future. He said “In my opinion, G20 YES is a fabulous initiative, gathering so much energy and momentum from all over the world. Because of their creativity and leadership, provided that they commit to share the value they create, these 400 young entrepreneurs in this room can change the world.”

    Professor Yunus is also a member of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Advocacy Group, advising the Secretary General of the United Nations. Hence, he believes that the next generation of youths should be handed over the process of the MDGs as soon as possible. He believes that entrepreneurs will have a key role to play in fulfilling the MDGs, if they are committed to the social value created by their companies, and social business can be part of the solutions.

    In his speech, he added that the G20 needed to broaden its scope to deal with the current world crisis. It can no longer remain a political forum with economic agendas. The G20 needs to create a social agenda as well. Professor Yunus proposes that ‘social business’ should be brought to the agenda of G20, as one of the concrete and effective solutions to be considered for immediate implementation so as to guide capitalistic investment towards social value and jobs creation, rather than sheer profit maximization strategies. A social business is a cause-driven business where profits stay within the company for its sustainability.

    Lastly, Professor Yunus concluded that the G20 should be expanded into the G25, where poor countries from each continent should be included in the global agenda which they are part of. He added that “Their problems are inter-related with others, and their proposals of solutions should be considered by the most economically advanced countries in making global decisions. A G25 would be a big step toward ensuring that global social issues are raised, and MDGs implementation is fully shared on the global agenda. And finally, because fighting poverty together is the only way to bring long lasting peace in this world.”

    Source: http://www.microfinancefocus.com/muhammad-yunus-expresses-faith-entrepreneurs-g20-summit

    inquiries chris macrae info @worldcitizen.tv us tel 301 881 1655 ; us office 5801 nicholson lane suite 404, North Bethesda, MD 20852 USA - skype chrismacraedc
     Mapping is a process of discovery. Crucially maps are only as usable as updating correctness of bottom up information. Think of your own use of a map. You look for the "you are here arrow". You want to be directed to somewhere/someone you dont know how to get to; you want your return vist to be safe as well as a value multiplying win-win.
    Does anyone remember the simplest findings of einstein and jon von neumann. Einstein proved that to innovate more value you need to go more micro in what you model; von neumann showed that there is more value to be networked by interfacing safe flows across systems instead of ruling over separation of boundaries. There isnt a single global metrics profession that gets these mathematical -and natural - principles right. Unless we change this global markets will cycle through ever greater collapse and more and more communities will lose sustainability. Mapmaking is that critical an idea to what the net genration will achieve in 2010s; but its also one that children from primary age up can action learn. Its simple. Its just that it works the other way round from top-down people's fatal conceit.
    It explores how to make the invisible principles and practices of real wealth creation visible, and therefore useable. Our planet needs case studies underline the search for new win-wins that build ‘system integrity’
    Trust-flow is the unseen wealth to invest sustainability in. Tranpsarently mapped it develops a goodwill gravity  tyhat invites with roleplayer in a community to multiply goodwill while sustaining their own cashflow.. Trust is not some vague, mushy, abstract warm-hearted sentiment. It is an economic powerhouse – probably just as economically and socially important as oil.
    The point is, there are specific things you need to do to get trust flowing, just as there are specific things you need to do to get oil flowing. And like oil trust has a dark side. Right now, the world is awash with the carbon emissions which threaten the stability and sustainability of its ecosystems. Right now, the world is also awash with the ‘carbon emission’ of trust – mistrust. Indeed it may well be that our ability to tackle the one issue – the threat of environmental catastrophe – depends on our ability to tackle the other issue: how to generate, deepen, extend and sustain trust.>br>But what is the best way of doing this? One thing is for sure. You don’t build and sustain trust via some sentimental exercise of goodwill to all and sundry. There are three very simple principles at the heart of effective trust generation. 
    First, trust is generated via win-win relationships. It’s virtually impossible to generate or sustain trust without mutual benefit for those involved. But beneficial outcomes are not enough in themselves. For trust to be built and sustained, both sides need to signal a demonstrable commitment to finding win-win ways forward. Such a  commitment may require real changes to what we say and do. Second, real ‘win-wins’ are hardly ever purely financial or material. You don’t build trust simply by walking away with more cash in your pocket. Trust works at all the dimensions and levels of human exchange. Yes, it’s about financial and material rewards. But it’s also about purpose (what people want to achieve). It’s about politics with a small ‘p’: the use and abuse of power, the crafting and application of rules of fair play. And it’s about emotions: the sometimes overwhelmingly strong emotions, both positive and negative, that are generated when people deal with other peopleWhat’s constitutes a ‘win’ – a sense of real improvement – is therefore highly specific. It depends absolutely on the details of who the parties are, what they are trying to achieve, in what context. Building trus, therefore involves discovering these specifics. Just as oil doesn’t flow out of the ground, get refined and pump its way into motor vehicles automatically and without effort, so identifying and doing what is necessary to get trust flowing requires dedicated, skilled effort. It requires a disciplined, structured process, not a vague sentiment.

    3) Third, even if we do steps 1) and 2) there’s still a good chance it won’t succeed. Why? Because it ignores an invisible third factor. In the real world, purely two way bilateral relationships don’t exist. There is always a third party whose interests or outcomes are affected by what the other two parties do but who is not a party to the contract. The environment is a case in point. Producers and consumers may both benefit from buying and selling to each other – but what happens if, in doing so, they destroy the environment they both depend on?

    This raises a hugely important question. When two parties pursue win-wins and build mutual trust, are they doing so in a way which creates a win and builds trust for the third party at the same time? Or are they simply pushing the problems – and the mistrust – further down the line on to this third party? Building vigorous, healthy networks of trust is a different kettle of fish to ‘you scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours’ win-win conspiracies. It requires a Map of all the key relationships plus careful consideration of knock-on consequences. It requires a different perspective.

    These three simple, basic steps do not happen automatically. They need to be worked at. The territory needs to be deliberately Mapped and explored. What’s more, there are obstacles in our way – mental and practical obstacles that need to be cleared. Prevailing economic theories about ‘rational economic man’ for example, deny the need to commit to win-win outcomes. Instead, they promote supposedly ‘rational’ (i.e. narrowly selfish behaviours) which actively undermine trust The same theories insist that the only valid measure of human benefit is money, thereby excluding from consideration many of the biggest opportunities for improvement. Meanwhile many vested interests do not want to extend the circle of trust to third parties and complete networks because their positions of power depend on their ability to take advantage of the weaknesses of these third parties. That’s another job for Mapping: helping to identify and mount such obstacles.
    The potential benefits of doing so are unthinkably huge. They start with a simple negative: the relief that comes from when you stop banging your head against a brick wall. Mistrust breeds wasteful, wealth destroying conflict that tends to feed on itself. Anger and hatred engender anger and hatred. Simply easing or stopping the terrible waste of mistrust would transform prospects for many millions of people. We desperately need to find ways of doing this. Then there are the positive benefits. Understanding the real nature of human wealth – all those dimensions of purpose, ‘politics’ and emotion as well as money and material comfort – means we can start being human again; human in the way we think, and act. What’s more, many of these intangible benefits won’t cost a penny. They’re there for the taking, if only we puts our minds to it.
    But there’s more, because trust is also an economic superpower in its own right. In the pages that follow we will show conclusively that material and financial riches are also dependent on trust. In fact, we will argue the case for going one step further. We will say that material and financial riches are a by-product of trust: the visible fruits of invisible, intangible human exchange. Once you understand that sustainable cash flows are a by-product of sustainable trust flows, your understanding of what makes a successful business is transformed.
    Separately, each of these three fruits – reducing the waste of conflict, unleashing the potential intrinsic benefits of human exchange, and energising the sustainable creation of material wealth – are massive in their own right. Put them together and they represent a vast new continent of opportunity.
    As we said, this book is addressed to entrepreneurs and system  innovation revolutionaries. Wherever you happen to be, whatever the change you want to make is, the principles explored in this book apply. The wish to change and the will to change are not the same as being able to change successfully. For that you need to understand your territory. You will need new Maps

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    0.1 Has a continental or worldwide search solutions on job creation that can be replicated across communities been organised before this EU launch of Nov 2011?
    While alumni of entrepreneurial economics have always valued job creation searches- we know of no clear evidence that this has been top of mind in the way that continental-wide government has operated since 1984 even though it was scripted by The Economist's Unacknowledged Giant as the number 1 question the first net generation would need to mediate if sustainable futures and humanity's most needed millennium goals are to be served
    what's different about nov 2011 is 4 top directorates of the EU have nailed their future reputation to this search -more
    1mobamauniobamauni@obamauni bon mots hillary zero sum thinking leads to negative sum results http://www.erworld.tv/id347.html
    1hHCL TechnologiesHCL Technologies@hcltech Press Release: #HCLT listed for the fourth consecutive year in the @WorldBlu's "Most Democratic Workplaces" list. http://hclte.ch/KbzBGH Retweeted by Traci Fenton
    49mAl RobertsonAl Robertson@al_robertson About last night's British Council @time_image film collection launch, with three of my favourite BC films! http://bit.ly/IJwmsc #WhoWereWe Retweeted by Lloyd Davis

    The End of the EU part 1 http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2012/06/paul-krugman-on-europe-doing-the-unthinkable.html

    TRANSCRIPT: 'The Unthinkable'
    Video above.

    Tom Ashbrook: You're talking about, writing about the end of the EU, the end of the common currency.

    Paul Krugman: it's unthinkable except that continuing down the current path is unthinkable. Spain is actually the epicenter. The Spanish government did nothing wrong. Spain was running a budget surplus before the crisis. It had low levels of debt. But it had a monstrous housing bubble, as did a lot of places, largely financed by the way by German banks which were lending to Spanish banks, which then lent on. And when the housing bubble burst you were left with a severe, extremely severe recession, and so the answer has been government austerity which just makes the slump deeper.

    The alternatives to a breakup of the euro have to be Europe-wide solutions. And so the solution, if there is one, involves accepting a higher rate of inflation for Europe as a whole and that particularly means higher inflation in Germany.
    --Paul Krugman

    What are Spain's alternatives here? Well, if they still had their currency, their own currency, the answer would be devalue, let the peseta drop, Spanish exports would become a lot more competitive, they'd be well on their way to recovery. They don't have their own currency, so people are saying: Well, you have to do all this stuff to stay within the Euro. At some point you say: Well, you know if your answer to our problem is just ever more suffering, ever more you know... 25 percent, 50 percent youth unemployment. If that's your notion of a solution, then maybe although it would be a very terrible thing to have the Euro breakup, maybe that's better than what we're doing. So that's becoming a real possibility now.

    The alternatives to a breakup of the euro have to be Europe-wide solutions. And so the solution, if there is one, involves accepting a higher rate of inflation for Europe as a whole and that particularly means higher inflation in Germany. Talk to the Germans about this and of course they go crazy, but you have to say to them: What is your answer? What you're doing right now is just a path to the collapse of the euro with enormous damage and radicalization and a lot of things that you don't want to see happen in Europe happening.

    TA: If the Germans can't take their foot off the brakes, they're just intrinsically and against history and everything else, Weimar, if they can't do it, what happens?

    PK: Then Europe breaks up and... No, I mean I think it's that stark. It really is, it really is that extreme because you know it's one of those things, you can't be saying that, but then you say: Well, let's talk this through. You know, let's as it said in the original edition of the Godfather - Let us reason together. Right? What are the ways that this can work out? And the current path is not one that can work out.

    It's like an irresistible force hitting an immovable object. On the one hand it's unthinkable that they'll allow the euro to fail because the euro is a terribly important thing, it's not terribly important economically, it would have been better off if they'd, if they had never done it, but now that it has been done, for it to fail is a defeat for the European project, the whole project of bringing peace, democracy, integration to a continent with a terrible history. So it's unthinkable that they'll allow it to fail, but it's also unthinkable that the Germans will accept moderate inflation which is the only solution any of us have been able to come up with. So one of two impossible things is going to happen. Your bet.

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